How 5G Works
A new technology was introduced in 2018 that is about to change worldwide telecommunications. It is the fifth-generation cellular technology hence its name 5G. It is also known as 5G NR (5G New Radio). Not only will it be much faster, but latency time will be dramatically shorter. Initially data communications will start in the 300 to 500 Mb per second range and grow to the 10 Gb per second and then 20 Gb per second speeds will become normal.
Some of the 5G benefits that have been talked about in common discussion points:
Because 5G virtually eliminates latency means that a surgeon may not have to be in the same room as a patient in the future.
Ericsson Company says: “Inspired by the benefits of 5G technology, Ericsson is collaborating with King’s College London to form exciting industry partnerships with the view to improve quality of life and work in society through technology innovation. Carefully chosen partners are enabling compelling research into key technological fields, dreaming up new applications and services to influence a variety of industries and disrupt our preconceptions.
The 5G research being undertaken in the fields of medicine, education, gaming and culture is expanding the limits of technological imagination, whether it’s by using the internet to facilitate surgery on the other side of the planet, drastically reducing latency for truly immersive mobile gaming experiences, making expert skills and knowledge available to anyone through remote transfer, or allowing musicians scattered across the globe to play together in harmony.”
Tim Baxter, President Samsung US has said: “The key to realizing 5G is finding the right match between network capabilities and use cases. Such a formula creates flexibility that will allow different applications, each with their different demands, to thrive. While some 5G applications will require a national ecosystem – an ubiquitous network and devices that can access and utilize that network – others will thrive when powered by small scale networks that operate at a local or even venue level.
In our neighborhoods, 5G will bring broadband-level data speeds via easily-installed Fixed Wireless Access (FWA) points that enable connected home solutions such as 4K streaming, wireless gaming and security, and IoT solutions. For businesses, the high speed and low latency of 5G via FWA will enable venue-based service and hospitality platforms that enhance guest experiences using video, photo, augmented reality, and crowd management services.
On the other hand, regional corridors of 5G connectivity between urban centers will enable a different set of use cases for applications where constant connectivity is critical, but the services are only required in a somewhat restricted geographic area.
This type of network will turn trains and buses and roadways into 5G-powered environments, enabling passengers to access enhanced services while they ride, powering connected driving experiences, smart traffic lights and roadways and eventually autonomous vehicles. 5G corridors will provide backhaul to other wired and wireless networks – enabling further broadband access and completion — and they will enable enhanced fleet management and emergency services as trucks and ambulances better navigate cities and traffic.”